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Annika Enning

Annika Enning
Address IRTG Diversity
University of Trier
DM 257
E-Mail enning@uni-trier.de


Change of Heart? Canadian Foreign Policy and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)

(Supervisors: Manuel Fröhlich, Trier / Laurence McFalls, Montréal
Mentoring: Ursula Lehmkuhl, Trier)

After the tragedies of Rwanda, Srebrenica and Kosovo, a new plan of action for the prevention of mass atrocity crimes was born in 2001. The International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) published its report on the future of humanitarian intervention and coined the term ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P). Until today, R2P has been referenced in more than 80 United Nations resolutions. The Liberal Canadian government under Jean Chrétien had sponsored the ICISS and the former Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs Lloyd Axworthy continued to shape Canadian foreign policy under the so-called Human Security Approach. Today however, Canadian peacekeeping contributions are at an all-time low and Canadian advocacy for the protection of victims of mass atrocity crimes seems to falter. This project asks: How has the Canadian foreign policy position towards the Responsibility to Protect shifted? What are possible reasons for this change? The project aims to examine the development of the Canadian foreign policy position on R2P via an actor-centred approach. It is based on analysing the actors, practices, narratives and identities that influence foreign policy in Canada. The project is informed by Social Constructivism and the English School of International Relations. Thus, the international system is understood as shaped by norms while foreign policy decisions depend not only on material interests but on values and identities as well. R2P presents, firstly, an essentially contested concept and, secondly, a case of normative change in international politics, which has been fostered by Canadian agents especially. Therefore, it presents an interesting point of reference for the study of the Canadian foreign policy process. Several explanatory approaches will be tested against each other. The analysis takes place on three levels: international politics, transnational politics and domestic politics.


Since 2019
Doctoral Candidate at IRTG Diversity
04/2017 - 05/2019
M.A. Democratic Policy & Communication, University of Trier
2016 - 2017
Study of Journalism, Cologne School of Journalism
2014 - 2015
Studies at the College of International Relations of Ritsumeikan University Kyoto
2012 - 2016
B.A. Political Science/Ethnology, Albert-Ludwigs University Freiburg

Work Experience

Trainee, German Embassy Rome
10/2017 - 09/2018
Research Assistant at the International Research Training Group IRTG Diversity at the University of Trier
09/2017 - 02/2018
Voluntary Project Manager: Excursions for international students of the University of Trier
10/2015 - 09/2016
Voluntary editor and moderator of the university radio station uniFM, Unicross Freiburg
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