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Ahmed Hamila

Ahmed Hamila
 

Dissertation

Sortir du placard, entrer en Europe : enquête au sein des autorités de l’asile en Belgique, France et Royaume-Uni

(Supervisor: Jane Jenson, Montréal)

Since the adoption of the Treaty of Amsterdam, the EU launched a process of harmonization of asylum policies among Member States through the enactment of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). However, despite the CEAS, reception conditions for asylum seekers persecuted because of their sexual orientation, assessment procedures and the criteria for conferring refugee status differ considerably from one Member State to the other.

1)
How do the EU Member States implement the CEAS?
2)
Why, despite the CEAS, do the EU Member States implement the European asylum policies related to sexual orientation and gender identity in different ways?

Scholars use three main theories to explain the deficit of Europeanization: the “goodness of fit” theory, the “veto player” theory and the “worlds of compliance” theory. Yet very few studies have focused on the role of national administrations and their actors in these dynamics. This research claims to fill this gap. The hypothesis supported in this research is that the disparities among EU Members States regarding asylum practices are due to different refugee status determination regimes (RSD regimes) from one Member State to another. Each EU Member State has a specific RSD regime. The RSD regime depends on two elements: (1) the institutional organization of the national administration responsible for asylum and (2) the interaction between the actors and dynamics of power within the administration responsible for asylum.
 
 
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